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Year 9 Science

The following curriculum resources are designed for units which follow the Australian Curriculum. Each unit is one term long and will have a central topic such as Chemistry, Biology, Physics, or Geology. The Learning Goals and Success Criteria documents are the key guide to the instructional program for each unit.
The units, in order are;
Term 1: Chemistry
Term 2: Ecosystems
Term 3: Energy - Electricity, Sound, and Light
Term 4: Body Systems

Term 1: Chemistry

Students study structure of atoms, chemical reactions, Acids and Bases, and reactions with metals.

Assessment: Examination in week 7, Experiment report (EEI) due week 9.

Learning Goals and Success Criteria Links to the term planner but are more important as all assessment is drawn from the LG and SC

Student Term planner

Homework sheet 1 Covers LG 1

ANSWERS Homework sheet 1

LG 1 - I understand that all matter is made of atoms which are composed of protons, neutrons and electrons

Atomic structure part

The Atom Song

Structure of Atoms - by Tyler DeWhitt

Atomic structure notes - Worksheet containing notes for atomic structure (cornell/turner style)

Worksheet on Atomic and Mass numbers - some questions given clues (protons, neutrons, electrons, etc) to the identity of elements

Text on Atoms with Questions - 3pgs of text with questions. good for students who miss class and need to keep up.

History of Atomic structure in pictures - cut and paste (PAGE 1) in, with teacher needing to put some notes (SEE PAGE 2) on board for students to complete.

Electron energy levels in elements - Template for filling the electrons in the correct shells. Word doc so you can vary the contast to get a good printout. Original pdf is from Amer. Chem. Society here

Teaching plans for electron energy levels - 20 pages with additional info for those teachers a little less familiar with the idea. Cut/paste from Amer. Chem. Soc.

Taxonomy exercise on Atoms etc - a little literacy work, starts easy.

History of Atomic Chemistry - crash Course

Radiation and Isotopes part

Nuclear Radiation - TedEd animation, very nice simple intro (good for understanding)

Types of Radiation - My first choice video here is no longer available on youtube. This one by Fuseschool goes thru each of the radiation types. Good for notes)

Link to some common industrial radioistopes (scroll down on page)

Radioactive dating simulation - learning object at SCOOTLE. Need to be a memeber of a linked educational boby (EQ is) to access

Radiocarbon dating worksheet - to go with learning object in resource above

Diagrams of Radiation - these contain the notes needed by students and are good visuals - use heading to organise and cut and paste in

Radioactive decay activity - simulation and graphing activity on radioactive dating.

Nuclear Radioactivity Worksheet - covers radioactivity and radiation reactions. More detail than needed for this course, but good.

Answers to above worksheet


LG 2 - I understand that chemical reactions involve rearranging atoms to form new substances

Homework sheet 2 Covers LG 2

Homework sheet 2 ANSWERS

Difference between Atoms and Molecules - by Tyler DeWhitt

The next three workshees are easy "review" worksheets or introduction to the terms molecule, compound, mixture, pure substance.

Worksheet & Infoon Elements, Compounds , Mixtures - from Aurum Science website. Excellent site by James Dauray. I am wary of links, so a hard copy of James's worksheet is here

Elements, Mixtures, Compounds (EASY) Worksheet - Orb education, understanding of key terms

Elements, Mixtures, Compounds Worksheet - Orb Education, similar to above, a little more difficult

Worksheet & info: Parts of a Chemical Rn - from Aurum Science website. Excellent site by James Dauray. I am wary of links, so a hard copy of James's worksheet is here

Looking inside Chemical Reactions - Worksheet to get students focused on what happens when chemicals react - looking at the atoms rearranging and the bonds broken and formed

How to write simple chemical formulae - Tyler DeWitt (simple clear examples)

Table of ions - Small table, has the basic ions for writing chemical formulae

Writing formulae with polyatomic ions - Tyler DeWitt (shows use of brackets)

How to balance chemical equations - Mike Corsetti (slow but simple and easy to follow)

Theory and practice of balancing chemical equations - good source of notes for this section

Balancing chemical reaction - nice simple examples of balancing practice

*Balancing Equation Qs - note this is NOT a direct link. Scroll down to the heading "Workshheets for practicing..." and there are several links to worksheets and answers

Energy in Chemical Reactions - Worksheet containing notes for Energy in Chemical reactions (cornell/turner style

Experiment - Exothermic or Endothermic? - Student sheets, instructions and questions. Teacher notes below. Based on a RAC experiment

Experiment TEACHER NOTES - from the RAC site, apologies for breaking copyright and placing a copy here.


LG 3 - Students will understand that chemical reactions including combustion and the reaction of acids are important in both non-living and living systems and involve energy transfer

Homework sheet 3 Covers LG 3

ANSWERS Homework sheet 3

Acids and Bases ppt - excellent for the notes needed

Acids and Bases ppt - I like the start of this one as at the start it makes the case for how important an understanding of acids and bases is.

CFU on Acids and bases - simple PPtwhich has about 5 questions to Check For Understanding.

Text on Acids and Bases - Chemlibre text. Comprehensive (very) for notes. Well above a regular year nine level.

Experiment - reactions of acids - contains 3 experiments involving reactions with metals, carbonates, and bases.

Work up to 28th Feb - for students to catch up. Does not include prac work, almost all the handouts are from this web page.

Combustion definition amd notes - a good source of notes, explains why oxygen is so important. Does not discuss CELLULAR RESPIRATION. By Thought.com

Combustion reactions in Chemistry - More examples, but not glucose. Neither site really discusses Oxidation or rust of metals (hint - it's about RATE and MECHANISM). Also by throught.com

Will have to make up a worksheet for the two sites above which will direct students in the process of making notes. In addition you could get students to make similies, analogies or metophors. The metaphor which one student created: "respiration is the fire inside of you".


REVISION SHEET

ANSWERS - REVISION SHEET


LG 4 - Students will be able to investigate the reaction of different acids with a metal.

This learning goal and the success criteria are covered entirely by the students extended experimental investigation below.

Assignment - Extended Experimental investigation This is for regular Science classes

DRIVE CLASS Assignment - Extended Experimental investigation This is for 9D and contains additional experimental and writing tasks

Exemplar for Drive Assignment The writing task for (9D) the drive class is more complex, so this exemplar should help with the intoduction,data analysis, discussion, and conclusion. The exemplar is at a year ten A level, so I do not neccesarily expect this level work from a year nine class.

TEMPLATE for Drive Assignment template for writing the report (headings mainly)

Unit 2: Ecosystems

Students consider the forces shaping the Earth in terms of plate tectonics and the relationships within ecosystems.
Assessment: Multimodal assignment (begins week 6). There is a choice of assignmen. One option is on the plate tectonics section of this unit, the second on the ecosystems section of this unit. My 9D class have only the ecosystems option available as I believe this option is the most suitable for students intending to study science in Senior school.
Option 1 - Plate tectonics       Option 2 - Ecosystems

Goals and Success Criteria

Student Planner - Weekly planner, check for assessment timing


Learning goal 1: Students will understand how the theory of plate tectonics explains global patterns of geological activity and continental movement

The first video and quiz serve as an introduction to the unit and are not directly covered in the Success Criteria

Geological History of the Earth - by Geoscience

Quiz to go with video - multichoice and short answer

Optional Activity - download and paste in the circular geological timeline in the right hand column (right click to copy or save). See if you can understand it. Very cool.

SC 1: I can identify and describe the layers of the earth

Structure of the Earth Worksheet - adapted from QLD scienceteachers.com

Review of Rock types, and great literacy exercise

SC 2: I can recognise and identify the major tectonic plates on a world map

Notes for this LG - these are the notes which I have for this unit and will be using as my notes for board work.

Plate Tectonics - by Geoscience

Quiz to go with Plate Tectonic video - multichoice and short answer

Rate of Plate Movement - by Geoscience

Quiz to go with Rate of Plate Movement video - multichoice and short answer

Map of Tectonic plates - a good one, simple but all the detail. Found it on pintrest, not sure of Author.

SC 3: I can Investigate how the theory of plate tectonics has developed based on evidence

SC 6: I can investigate technologies used in the mapping of continental movement

Idea for a demo on Plate tectonics - not entirely sure how it could work as a student centred "investigation" (safety wise) but not a bad idea.

In class research task - structured worksheet. Uses a text book (ScienceWays 2) we have access to in class)

Pangrea puzzle - 3 page doc, puzzle is on page 2. Print the first 2 pages back to back, read the first and cut up the second page for the pangea puzzle. Clue to the answer is on page 3

Pangrea puzzle again but with a fossil key and questions

SC 4: I can explain the movement of tectonic plates with reference to heat energy and convection currents

BOARD notes and diagrams from the "notes" under SC 2. Will focus on why the plates move and introduce how this creates the three basic types of plate boundaries - Divergent, Convergent, and Transform (labelled diagram and paragraph on each).

SC 5: I can describe and model the spreading of the sea floor due to tectonic plate movement

SC 7: I can identify the constructive and destructive tectonic plate boundaries

SC 8: I can relate earthquake and volcanic activity to constructive and destructive tectonic plate boundaries

BOARD notes relating divergent boundaries (and sea floor spreading), convergent boundaries (2 main types, subduction,mountains ranges, earthquakes and Volcanoes), and tranform boundaries (earthquakes).

Divergent Plate Boundaries - by Geoscience

Quiz to go with Divergent Plate video - multichoice and short answer

The terms constructive and Destructive are alternative ways of describing plate boundaries. Brief notes - Divergent = constructive, Convergent (subduction) = destructive

Convergent Plate Boundaries - by Geoscience

Quiz to go with Convergent plate Boundaries video - multichoice and short answer

Transform Plate Boundaries - by Geoscience

Quiz to go with Transform Plate Boundaries video - multichoice and short answer

SC 9: I can relate the movement of tectonic plates to the age and geological stability of the Australian continent

Recent history of the Indo-Australian plate - Explains some recent earthquake activity.

SC 10: I can investigate the contemporary science issues relating to living in a Pacific country located near plate boundaries

Summary of impact of tectonic plates on Pacific Islands - Bit long but is not hard to read. Contrast sea level rise and subduction of land.

A few extras

Six story shake table - largest shake table in the world testing a six story apartment block specially built using a structural wooden frame.

Earthquakes - pretty much everything you need to know - narrated by Hank Green (be ready - he talks fast!) and produced by Scishow

Tsunami - cause and propagation

Tectonic Plates review quiz - 25 single word answer questions, this is a png file, unable to find original source.



Learning goal 2: Students will understand that ecosystems consist of communities of interdependent organisms and abiotic components of the environment, matter and energy flow through these systems

For the first Success Criteria in this topic I set research for the students as homework. It is important to explain that many of these terms are often used in a "common language" way and not always the way they are scientifically defined. I remind students of this and it is worth going through the definitions to ensure students are on track

SC 11:I can define; predator, prey, parasites, competitors, pollinators, disease, population, habitat, ecosystem.

Intro to Ecosystems - students may not have studied ecosystems before and may have cover food chains and food webs only. I think it is very worth while to measure pre existing ideas here

Group work / collaborative learning - Teacher to lead a discussion of the idea of ecosystems, "we hear it all the time, so we all have some idea". Groups to brainstorm what are the most improtant elements in an ecosystem, rank 1 to 5, groups put answers on the board. Teacher lead class discussion of key elements.

The importance of ecosystems* - a read to write activity about why we need to understand how ecosystems function. Good place to start, kicker is the last paragraph. Can use a read to write, or (CCTS) students construct a schematic/flowchart of key words, or a drawing. (CCTS)

Ecosystems Introduction - Reading comprehension exercise, very simple. Has answers

Worksheet introducing the idea of ecosystems* - very simple start to the idea of everything being a cycle. Good place to start to measure prior knowledge

Strucure within an ecosystem* - a couple of diagrams showing the organisational heirarchy of ecosystems - I'll use the dopey looking one of the left, its kinda cool.

Ecology (crashcourse)* -as usual he talks fast but a good intro to this term. Can slow down to 0.85 speed.

A guide to being Green around your home - Some good, simple ideas about how we can all help. The link came from the Girl Scout Troop 1534 in New Jersey - so a big shout of thanks to the girls!!

SC 12: I can explore different types of interactions/relationships between organisms e.g. predator/prey.

Biotic influences on Ecosystems- Great foor notes - read the third and fourth pages on Abiotic Factors.

Overview - Biotic relationships flowchart* - Great as a summary of the key terms - can copy into notebook, or print out and paste in

Table of Biotic relationship* - download, complete from p.3 from link above or with internet research (useful site right here), print, paste into notebook.

Interdependance: Wolves in Yellowstone Park* - fascinating overview of how interdependance works

The SCIENCE behind the wolves of Yellowstone Park* - longer video which explains more of the Science behind the reintroduction of the wolves

Multiple choice QUIZ* - what score did you get?

Deer Predation.docx - Graphing exercise and questions

Extension Activity - Optional: need to be a true independant learner for this one

SC 13: I can examine the factors that affect population sizes such as seasonal change, destruction of habitats and introduced species

Activity in estimating plant populations* - Good activity. Individual activity, but students can help each other as long as they chose different quadrants. two data sheets, common question sheet. Idea borrowed from a canadian document

Questions about Population variation - Data interpretation. A little harder, about seasonal variation. Good homework activity.

Information about Indigenous Land Management practice - a creative spirits site, some advertising, scroll down to main heading. Discusses Indigenous land management practice and the impact on the Aust landscape and its communities and populations

SC 14: I can describe how energy flows in and out of ecosystems through food webs, and must be replaced to maintain the sustainability of the system

Food Chains and Cycles - BBC Bites site - pages 1 to 3 are good for notes. Students should know this info already.

Food Web on the river Torrens - a food web construction activity

Trophic Levels and Energy Flow in an Ecosystem* by MooMoo Maths and Science - quite simple and direct. Great to summarise for notes.

Ecosytem Dynamics PPt* - 2nd and the last slide cover energy and energy flow, good for notes. Rest of good stuff (including food webs) but not directly about energy in encosystems.

Quiz on Energy flow in Ecosystems - Write down your answers, check with the teacher to get a score

Homework Sheet on this SC and the next one*

SC 15: I can investigate how ecosystems change as a result of events such as bushfires, droughts and floods

Basically some notes here on the immediate changes due to natural disasters and then contrast with adaptations of species who have adapted to continual cycle of natural disasters

The impact of fire mosaics used by Indigenous Australians - a brief article from CSIRO which did some research into the impact of the bushfire techniques used by Indigenous australians. Evidence which supports the current theory that controlled fires increase biodiversity. Would make a good reading comprehension exercise.

Fire as a landscape management technique- a creative spirits site, some advertising, and a little messy, scroll down to main heading. Discusses Indigenous use of fire as land management technique and explains how it shapes ecosystems. Info only no questions. Lead a class discussion as to how much of australia's landscape would have been shaped by to indigenous fire management. This also fits into SC 17

SC 16: I can investigate how models can be used to predict changes in population due to environmental changes

Buiding a fish to suit particular ecosystems - nice interactive way to look at adaptations

Mission to Mars Ecology Game - great game! Get to mars by ensuring your spaceship has healthy ecosystems. BIOMAN resource

The resources below covers tolerance curves, which are ecological models, but not directly matched to this SC. However tolerance curves are very important in the A level of the assignment

Biotic and abiotic influences on Ecosystems*- for notes on tolerance curves. Read the first 2 pages on Abiotic Factors, especially in reference to the Tolerance curve graph. I will talk about this graph in class. A little complicated, but a very useful way to explain the success of an introduced species

Tolerance Curve (Text) - Khan academy

Tolerance Curves (Prezi)* some good explanation of the graph. Try interpreting the graph shown on the last slide (open ended question)

Graphing Tolerance curves - activity sheet, graphing a tolerance curve from population data

SC 17: I can describe the impacts of human activity on an ecosystem from a range of different perspectives

Indigenous Bush medicine - Aust geog site. Lists ten bush medicines and their applications

Learning goal 6: I can understand the impacts introduced species have on the Australian environment. (ASSIGNMENT)

Download the Ecosystem Research assignment here This is the only option for 9D

Download the Geology Research assignment here

Assignment links - Info and organising research

instaGrok - a very useful search and mindmapping tool Type your topic into the search bar. The resulting mindmap is interactive and will contain info and links/p>

Invasive Species - Australian Government, Dept. of the Environment

PestSmart Australia - Animals only i think but a good site

Wikipedia - Not to be used as an original source but has some info and links for some invasive species


Assignment links - PowerPoint Skills

The basics of building a PowerPoint Presentation

Basics of Recording Voice-over in PowerPoint - nice and simple but misses a few details

Details of Recording Voice-over in PowerPoint - all you need to know.







Rest of this page has not yet been updated for 2019

Common Ecological terms Worksheet - words and definitions - match them up

Correct answers for the activity above

Biomes video - not very exciting but very informative

Australia's Bio-Regions (Aust gov site)

Pearson Bio-Region Interactive (Pearon publisher's site)

Food Web Exercise

Interesting Foodchains Video - amusing and then informative

Very Simple Food chain Activity - Click "make food chains" then each of the five habitats to make the food chains

Difficult Food Web Activity - What score did you get?

Worksheet for Clickview video "food chains and food webs AUS" - complete while watch the clickview video

Notes on Population Ecology - from the BIO-NINGA site (see url at top), a nice brief summary

Hare and Lynx Population graph- Download the hare_lynx_questions.doc. Follow the instructions to do a graph and answer the questions.

Populations and Food Chains animation - Read the instructions and set starting populations. Try for a score of more than 80 (click "show graph option")

Populations worksheet - adapted from biology corner ("interpreting ecological data" see url at top), data interpretation (you will have to do some thinking)


EXTRAS

Why are you multicellular - not overly burdened with science, but a nice arguement for the advantages of being multicellular

Theory for this section - This is a small section from a Nelson Textbook. Appears at various sites so maybe not copyright protected

Short answer and mix and match worksheet on the basic body systems - By gomum. Not a bad place to start as a review of body systems

Body Sysytems and Organs - an introduction to the 11 main body systems. You have to first identify the systems and then the organs. Bit of educated guesswork or group work needed.

The 11 main body systems - Brief overview of the 11 main body systems. A useful cheat sheet for the task above

Body system match with diagram - try to match the name of the system with a picture. Time is of the essence. Click the home button and try the jigsaws. They are very cool, but hard initially

Adaptations of Kangaroos worksheet - a nice transition to the beginning of the ecosystems part of the unit.

Crossword - covers body systems and ecosystems in general. Word doc available here

Unit 3: Energy - Electricity, Sound, and Light

Students gain an understanding into some of the common forms of Energy.

Goals and Success Criteria - Learning Goals and Success Criteria for this term

Term planner Student Term Planner

Assessment: Experimental investigation (circuits and resistance)and in-class Test (Heat, Light , Sound)

Experimental Investigation - Not available yet, released later in term


SECTION 1

GOAL: Understand the different forms of heat energy and how it transfers from object to object.

Heat Transfer Booklet information and worksheets of Heat Transfer(s)

STILE EDUCATION activities for Thermal Energy and Heat Transfer - This is done through STILE education. The link is to their invite page. The code to access is eqhv5w - valid till 6 August.

Heat - Conduction, convection, Radiation by wiseguy BISJ

Methods of Heat Transfer Clickview video - may have to login

EEI Heat Conduction - An in class experiment, structured to learn how to write an EEI. Not for assessment

Land and Sea Breezes - by 5 minute science, gets the idea across, but does not really emphasis the contribution of radiation, convection, and conduction.


SECTION 2

GOAL: Understand light as a form of energy and how it reflects, refracts, focuses and transmits.

Basic Wave Theory (light, water, sound) - by "Pass my exams'. A little hard to navigate (you want the left hand yellow menu list), but good basic theory for this topic (and sound)

STILE EDUCATION - Light and Colour - Online self paced activities - I have edited somewhat. The link is to their invite page. The code to access is eqhv5w - valid till 6 August. you could just go to Stile ducation and login if you know your password

Light as a wave powerpoint - Use with the student workshhet to make some general notes on light.

Light as a Wave STUDENT WORKSHEET - Use with ppt to make notes, cut and paste the diagrams into your notes

Electromagnetic Radiation Short but comphrehensive into to light and EMR for year nine students

How do we percieve colour? Rose coloured glasses - interactive by CK-12. Login with google or microsoft button, not login screen. Turn on all the options.

Understanding colour - Orb education WORKSHEET available as free download from http://www.orbeducation.com.au/Samples/Sc/1/Previews/ScP021%20Colour.pdf


SECTION 3

GOAL: Understand how sound is transmitted and used to communicate and entertain.

What is sound? 4 min lecture pres by Michel van Biezen

Sound waves - simple animation of sound waves + information

The Sound Lab - follow the instructions and learn about sound

STILE EDUCATION - Sound - Online self paced activities - I have edited somewhat. The link is to their invite page. The code to access is eqhv5w - valid till 6 August. you could just go to Stile ducation and login if you know your password

Pictures and questions - to go with classroom notes


Revision for mid-unit test

Study notes for Thermal Energy and Heat - a scaffold for making your own study notes. Download, save as, and do online. Print out to study with.

Study notes for Light - a scaffold for making your own study notes. Download, save as, and do online. Print out to study with.


SECTION 4

GOAL: Understand electricity as a form of energy (static and moving charges).


SECTION 5

GOAL: Set up simple electrical circuits.

Circuit Symbols

Learning Circuits - a click and go on process. Starts with very simple ideas

Simple circuit activity introduces series circuits

Unit 4: Body Systems

Students gain a knowledge and understanding of some of the basic interactions of common body systems.

Assessment: Examination

Learning Goals and Success Criteria

Student Term Planner


Learning goal 1: I can understand how multi-cellular organisms rely on coordinated and interdependent internal systems to respond to changes to their environment.

Good source of notes for this LG - chapter from a text book. Covers the LG well but has lots of info and you need to read carefully and summarise well.

Another good source of notes for this LG - this text appears all over the net. Easier to read and summarise

Body Systems worksheet - practice knowing the main organs and function of the body systems

Homework Sheet 1 - a homewrok sheet which measures you knowledge of each of the Success Criteria in the 1st Learning Goal


Learning goal 2: Students will understand that the Digestive System breaks food down to nutrients that are able to pass into the blood and removes wastes.

Digestive system chapter - slightly more detailed than needed for this course, however very useful worksheets are available with it worksheets

Food and Digestion Booklet - good source of notes and questions or activities, more useful to teachers than students but could be completed as a self learning booklet

Answers to the booklet above - This booklet is the original pdf from the web. The word doc booklet above is a very heavily edited version, so appears different - but answers will be in this pdf, they may be hard to find though

Digestion PowerPoint - sourced from foodfactoflife lots of info here and a nice simple linear sequence of ideas. Not a perfect for this course but very close.

Digestion Game - little bit of fun, not a lot of knowledge, but I was unable to complete it on several attempts, so I liked it.

Antacid Experiment - a nice simple experiment investigating the efficacy of antacids. Not particularly realistic for several reasons but very appropriate for middle school science

Homework Sheet 2 - a homework sheet which measures you knowledge of each of the Success Criteria in the 2nd Learning Goal


Learning goal 3: Students will understand the Circulatory System uses blood vessels to transport nutrients to cells of the body and to remove wastes.

Circulatory system chapter - very useful worksheets are available with it worksheets

Circulatory crossword - has solutions (for teachers). Scroll down to find the download both as pdfs (on the right).

Video about heart - an older video but very clear and excellent for learning. There are some discussion qs just below video which you could use to check understanding.

Interactive of heart beating - Launch page of "a map of the human heart". Launch from here and set the heart beat (class average?). Use the step through and the discussion qs (below interactive).

Heart worksheet - simplified diagram of the heart to label and a flowchart

Matching Terms and Meaning game - use at the end as a review

Homework Sheet 3 - a homework sheet which measures you knowledge of each of the Success Criteria in the 3rd Learning Goal


Learning goal 4: Students will understand the Respiratory System and the process of gas exchange in the lungs.

Circulatory system chapter - very useful worksheets are available with it worksheets

Respiration PowerPoint - quite good, a tiny bit more detail than we need but a good clean source of information.

Oxygen Exchange - a reading comprehension exercise.

Respiration notes - a nice simple clean source of information

Cloze exercise - obviously on the respiratory system.

Homework Sheet 4 - a homework sheet which measures you knowledge of each of the Success Criteria in the 4th Learning Goal


Learning goal 5: Students will understand the Excretory System and functions of its main organs.

Homework Sheet 5 - a homework sheet which measures you knowledge of each of the Success Criteria in the 5th Learning Goal




























































































Cetorhinus maximus by greg skomal

By Greg Skomal / NOAA Fisheries Service [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Macaca nigra self-portrait (rotated and cropped)
Red-eared sliders and Mallard in Golden Gate Park 1

By Brocken Inaglory (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0) or GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html)], via Wikimedia Commons











































































Javascript sourced from pHET colorado. Great script which allow you to become familiar with all the electrical circuits and measurements

Gary Turner Science
QLD Alan Druery Excellence in Teaching Award (QCT)
QLD Secondary Teacher of the year Award (AISTL)
QLD Centenary of Federation Teaching Award (RACI)
Peter Doherty Excellence in Science Teaching Award
Prime Minister Commendation for Science Education Award