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Year 10 Science

The following curriculum resources are designed for units which follow the Australian Curriculum. Each unit is one term long and will have a central topic such as Chemistry, Biology, Physics, or Geology. The Learning Goals and Success Criteria documents are the key guide to the instructional program for each unit.
The units, in order are;
Term 1: Genetics and Evolution
Term 2: Physics and Motion and Periodic Table and Chemical Reactions
Term 3: TBA (Physical or Life Science)
Term 4: TBA

Unit 1: Genetics and Evolution

Students will investigate the importance of DNA and genes in controlling characteristics of organisms. They will extract DNA and explore the ethics of genetic manipulation. The theory of evolution and evidence supporting it will be introduced

Assessment: Examination, end of term.

Term planner

Leaning Goals and Success Criteria- link with Term planner, but are more important as all the assessment will draw from these goals and criteria

LG 1 - I understand the role of DNA as the blueprint for controlling the characteristics of organisms

Diagrams to help with this Learning goal - these may not immediatly make sense, but I will use these in class to go with your notes.

Is it you or the world? - Looks at the influence of genetics versus the environment

Genetics - Music video about history of DNA and predicting inheritance (good)

Inherited characteristics - Turner/Cornell style note-taking, use this sheet to make your notes

Construct a genetics wheel from some simple inherited traits - need to know how to identify some of these traits

What is DNA and how does it work? - by Stated Clearly (includes bases and proteins)

DNA - Turner/Cornell style note-taking, use this sheet to make your notes

What is a GENE? - by Stated Clearly (nice intro to topic and rationale for study)

Section of Text on Genetics - available at the LEarning Place, Yr 10 Maroochydore SHS EDSTUDIO(use your student login details to access)

Question to go with the above section of text on DNA worksheet

Make model DNA - this is a CSIRO activity. It works much better if you use card rather than paper (use old manilla folders)

LG 2 - I can use models and diagrams to represent the relationship between DNA, genes and chromosomes

Mendelian Genetics - Detailed introduction to Mendels work on Genes, Crosses, and Pedigrees

Mendel and Genetics - Turner/Cornell style note-taking, use this sheet to make your notes

Monohybrid Crosses - Turner/Cornell style note-taking, use this sheet to make your notes

Nice introduction to simple monohybrid crosses worksheet

monohybrid cross questions worksheet

even more practice at monhybrid crosses worksheet

online multichoice questions on Monohybrid crosses -by "the Biology Project"(hard)

Types of Inheritance - an excellent powerPoint explaiing sex-linked, incomplete, Codominance, and Dihybrid crosses

Dihybrid crosses - Turner/Cornell style note-taking, use this sheet to make your notes

Doing a Dihybrid Cross - not well explained at the start but a great example of analysing the results of a dihybrid cross

Dihybrid cross questions worksheet

online multichoice questions on Dihybrid crosses -by "the Biology Project"(hard)

Co-Dominant and Incomplete dominance - Turner/Cornell style note-taking, use this sheet to make your notes

Sex-linked Inheritance - Turner/Cornell style note-taking, use this sheet to make your notes

Incomplete Dominance, CoDominance, Sex-linked Inheritance - Clip of a PwrPt, simple and clear intro to these topics

Sex-linked Inheritance questions worksheet

online multichoice questions on sex-linked inheritance -by "the Biology Project"(hard)

Pedigrees - Turner/Cornell style note-taking, use this sheet to make your notes

Introduction to pedigrees - general intro, autosomal problem near end. Does not cover allosomal (sex-linked)

Pedigree worksheet - see p. 2 & 3 for autosomal recessive pedigree questions

Pedigree worksheet - see p. 2 & 3 for sex-linked recessive pedigree questions

Take home exam on Inheritance questions (LG2) - there are some good quality straight forward questions here. Use them to practice your processes. Remember that the punnet square type questions all use a similar process, as to all the pedigree type questions.

Answers to the take home exam questions

Group work on the take home exam - what are the key knowledge and processes you need for each question on take home exam - result of group work in the class


Timeline for development of life on Earth -by (Excellent timeline - scroll down and expand the last 600 millions yrs)

Carl Sagan COSMOS Evolution - general description of human evolution with simple line drawing animations.

History of Evolution Theory - a Clickview video (login with the username and password for year ten students)

Clickview online site (their exchange video section) - if you have been given a login by the school, search for Evolution, a video by david Attenborough

Summarising Evidence for evolution worksheet - Completing this will form your notes for this section. The two videos below (both called Evidence for Evolution) may aid your understanding.

Evidence for Evolution - A StatedClearly video (very simple and direct...stated very clearly!)

Evidence for Evolution - A Crash Course video

24 myths of Evolution and Creationism-by NewScientist Magazine (scroll down for a list. Written for the recreational scientist, not a yr 10 student so buckle up and concentrate)

Aboriginal theory of evolution - a prezi written by 4 people but presented by Lauren Aboud. I cannot find information verifying their expertise, but generally speaking the prezi is simple, direct, and on target.

The Dreaming - Origins - Another indigenous perspective on evolution. Single page. From a site called Indigenous Australia whose two main authors are Mayrah Yarraga and Walibra Watts.

A Christian perspective on Evolution - A site run by Kevin Ham who is a well known Australian Creationist. Has a lot of resources from the creationist perspective including a famous debate he had with Bill Nye "the science guy". You decide who wins.

A video discussing the Muslim perpective on Evolution - 8 mins. LDM TV Clip with the main speaker being Salahuddin Patel. Presented in a traditional TV style this simply and irectly gives a perspective on Evolution from a Muslim perspective

Darwin versus Lamarck worksheet

The Homonid Chronology - a Clickview video (login with the username and password for year ten students)

Myths of Evolution -by BiologyJunction (nice and simple)

Natural selection - A Crash Course video


Guidelines for making study notes - part exam preparation, part revision. Does not include Evolution yet.

Unit 2: Physics and Motion

This unit requires students to develop a mathematical understanding of the motion of objects. Mathematical concepts of Speed and Velocity, Acceleration, Force, Gravitational Potential Energy, and Kinetic Energy are covered, along with Newtons three laws of Motion. The implications of forces and energy in collisions is evaluated.

Goals and Success Criteria for Unit

Student Term Planner for Unit

Software for Video analysis. Very simple video analysis software for windows 10. Shows time, frame by frame and zoom in. Very simple to use.

Questions on transposing formulas- Worksheet to practice your rearranging of formulas

Passeys guide to transposing and rearranging formulas - Use with the worksheet above. This site introduces the "onion skin" idea (same as opposite operations just a different name). It provides plenty of examples

Assessment: Experimental Report (week 9 and 10)and Exam (end of Semester)

Experimental Report - NOT YET AVAILABLE. This is a scaffolded EEI on Motion on an incline plane

SECTION 1 - Understanding Motion

GOAL: To use correct scientific terms to describe and calculate the simple motion of objects

Displacment and Distance SOPHIA slideshow by Jerry Kessler - comprehensive and initially a little complex - but keep reading - it gets easier. Use the examples (slides 5,7,8)to make sense of some of the definitions. Do the quiz (on the right hand side) after you have made your notes

Difference between speed and velocity - this tube makes the difference seem obvious, however for most of our unit we will only consider straight line motion, so speed and velocity will have the same magnitude (same numerical value). For straight line motion speed and velocoity are calculated the same way.

velocity and motion - SOPHIA VID by Parmanand Jagnandan, just under 3 mins

Questions on Speed, Time, and Distance- Worksheet

Simple questions on Speed, Time, and Distance- Worksheet with Bob-the-builder and the Wiggles

Measuring simple motion and graphing

how to set up, use, and begin analysis of a ticker tape time - good introduction, but stops before showing how to do speed/velocity calculation

Measuring Speed using a ticker timer - Adapted from an excellent resource available at

Distance v Time graphs and calculating Speed - DGCSE Science Shorts Sketch, good brief intro to this type of graph and how to interpret it.

Questions on Displacement / distance Graphs - worksheet, good place to start.

Drawing Displacement / distance graphs - Harder worksheet, has answers

SECTION 2 - Acceleration

GOAL: To use correct scientific terms to describe and calculate the acceleration of objects

Acceleration questions- practice calculating acceleration, speed/velocity and time

How to calculate acceleration from a ticker timer tape - Shows acceleration calculated using displacement or distance between two dots. You can use any number of dots to calculate a displacement/distance.

Experiment: Using a tickertimer to measure acceleration- instructions and format for data collection (brief)

How to do acceleration calculations - not the most fancy tube out there, but it covers the three basic calculations in acceleration questions.

Speed v Time graphs and calculating Acceleration - DGCSE Science Shorts Sketch, good brief intro to this type of graph and how to interpret it.

Movie of toy car accelerating - Right click and save as (won't play directly from link). May not play in windows media player but will in others and in Kinovea. An oldie but a goodie. Only 15 frames a second, but very clear images. Use Kinovea to analyse.

Data from toy car movie - Displacement time data from toy car movie and two graphs of it's motion. Displa ement versus time and velocity versus time.

Match the graph to the motion - Sounds simple...its not

EEI Acceleration CORE SCIENCE- structured and editable worksheet for core science EEI on acceleration

EEI Acceleration EXTENSION SCIENCE- structured and editable worksheet for extension science EEI on acceleration

SECTION 3 - Newton’s First Law

GOAL: I understand the concept of INERTIA to predict the motion of objects (Newtons 1st law)

simple cartoon on Newton's 1st Law - very basic but clear and simple explanations. Should discuss in class as like most science, the more you simplify the less accurate the knowledge.

Truck vs bollard = Inertia example - very visual example of inertia

INERTIA - some notes and questions - Great worksheet on basics of inertia, with typical exam style questions. Ist half can be reading and note taking, 2nd half a handout.

SECTION 4 - Newton’s Second Law

GOAL: I understand the concept of applied balanced and unbalanced forces to predict the acceleration of objects (Newtons 2nd law)

video on Newton's second law - this is a very simple video which discusses the 2nd law in its simplest context (no math)

notes and questions for Newton's second law - Source of simple notes and lots of questions (note does not discuss idea of balanced vs unbalanced forces, or Units)

Experiment on Newton’s Second Law - instructions and questions for an experiment

Worksheet of questions on the Second Law - has answers

SECTION 5 - Newton’s Third Law

GOAL: I understand the concept of action and reaction to explain real-life effect of applying force (Newtons 3rd law).

video of teaching Newton's 3rd law (4 mins) - good demonstrations and explanations of the 3rd law... I would do these demos if I was a good teacher

notes on Newton's 3rd law - presents like a powerpoint. Keeps it simple, good source of notes.

SECTION 6 - Kinetic Energy

GOAL: I understand the concept of Kinetic energy to describe and explain the motion of objects

How to do KE calculations - all three types but lacks a little structure to the problem solving

How to do KE calculations - only two types but classical problem solving structure (except units)

*Kinetic Energy worksheet - use for notes and some questions. Range of questions, good worksheet. Adapted from a worksheet at

PwrPt for activity in worksheet above - data on bullets for calculating the "stopping power" of guns

Kinetic Energy problems - Range of questions. Adapted from a worksheet at

SECTION 7 - Gravitational Potential Energy

GOAL: I understand the concept of Gravitational Potential Energy AND energy transformations to describe and predict the motion of objects

*GPE and energy conversion - excellent sheet. Covers theory and how to do problems

*Experiment on GPE to KE - simple experiment which goes step by step through an experiment converting GPE to KE. Could add graphing to it.


Physics formulas and Qs for revision - there are the formulas you need and a question on eachvtype of question you could be asked. You should do evry question in your notebook.

*How to solve calculation problems in Science - CHEAT SHEET: explains how to answer problems where you have to calculate something

*Questions to practice with - only has speed/velocity, acceleration, and force questions

Unit 3: Periodic Table and Chemical Reactions

This unit builds on knowledge of the Chemistry unit in Year nine. Specifically it reviews the concepts of writing chemical formule and balancing equations. In addition this unit explores the connection between the periodic table and element reactivity, and the concept of reaction rates.

Goals and Success Criteria for Unit

Student Term Planner

Assessment: Extended Experimental Investigation (week 9 and 10) and Exam (week 11)

Extended Experimental Investigation - with scaffolding

SECTION 1 - Review of Year nine

GOAL: I understand how atoms are structured and how all matter can be made of atoms

Atomic structure - good simple introduction

Atomic structure - The more complex picture

*Atoms and compounds - good simple review

*Worksheet for (above) PowerPoint

Chemical formulas - review of the number and type of elements in chemical formulas

Experiment Chemical formulas - Mixing solutions and naming the compounds which form and writing their formulas. Teacher guide is included.

Bohr model of the atom - an older video, but a very comprehensive explaination of a complex idea

*Electronic configeration (review) - worksheet: complete the electronic comfigeration of the first 20 elements

SECTION 2 - Chemistry and the Periodic Table

GOAL: I understand the reasons behind the positioning of elements in the Periodic table

Periodic table for identifying Groups - from Has a key for colouring the main groups of the periodic table

Periodic Table and Mendeleev Crash Course

*Elements and reactivity - 3 page worksheet covering key ideas in this section

*Valence electrons and the periodic table - Tyler DeWitt (Simple,Excellent)

*Periodic table and electron arrangement - the secret to understanding the periodic table

Alkali metals and reactivity - shows Li to K only, but good discussion of chemistry

Alkali metal reactivity Brainic style - not much chemistry but very visual

*Experiment - the reactivity of some metals (experiment worksheet)

Periodic Table quiz

*Why atoms lose or gain electrons - actually called "octet rule and valence charges" - it claims to be clear and simple and it actually is

*The periodic table on the planet MuAran If you can do this you know all you need to know! Use the clues on electron configeration and ions to complete the periodic table of MuAran elements

SECTION 3 - Chemical reactions and Equations

GOAL: I understand the differences in the types of chemical reactions and the products produced, and can describe them using balanced chemical equations

Review of Chemical Formulas - need mastery of to understand chemical equations

*What is an ion? - Tyler DeWitt. Good intro to ions, but does not explain why atoms lose or gain electrons

*Table of IONS - download and keep handy.

Writing chemical (ionic) formulas Tyler Dwitt - good simple introduction

*Easy questions on chemical formula

Formula writing practice

End of Review

Types of Chemical reactions - a series of 3 short vids on the main types of reactions - by JFR Science

*Reaction Types - Notes and Questions - in the notes section highlight key points for your study notes. Check your understanding by doing the questions. Great worksheet adapted from here

*How to balance chemical equations - Mike Corsetti (slow but simple and easy to follow)

How to Balance Chemical equations site (text)

Theory and practice of balancing chemical equations - good source of notes for this section

*Drawing and balancing Chemical Equations - Worksheet learning how to balance chemical equations

*Balancing Equation Qs NOTE - this is not a direct link. Scroll down to the bottom of this page and there are several links to worksheets with practice questions and the answers

QUIZ on Balancing Equations 10 question multiple choice quiz.

SECTION 4 - Reaction rates

GOAL: I understand how changing the reaction conditions alter the rate of a chemical reaction

*Reaction Rates - BBC Bites. Good coverage of Theory needed. Not detailed but good basics for notes

Reaction Rates - Fuse School Part 1. About right. Covers definition and how to measure rates.

SECTION 5 - Extended Experimental Investigation under construction

GOAL: I can use the scientific method to write a scientific report in the correct genre.

Scaffolding for a Scientific report A guide to what should be in the sections of your report

Links for Assignment

Refer to the task sheet to select one of five chemical reactions to investigate. You may investigate and report on any aspect of this reaction. If you choose to do a very simple investigation this may limit your abilty to show the complex skills and understanding necessary to achieve at a very high standard . Links to possible experiments and report writing guides are shown below

Links to Acid rain and Marble experiments


Links to Indigestion experiments

Science Fair site - food acid experiments graded by complexity

Links to effect of Temperature experiments


Links to Concentration of acid and its reaction with a Metal experiments

EASY / EASY / MORE COMPLEX / MORE COMPLEX (with Rate calculations)

Links to Ocean Acidity and Shell experiments

EASY / MODERATE / COMPLEX / List of Ocean Acidification experiments

Unit 5: Earth and Space

Assessment: Examination

Learning Goals and Success Criteria for unit - Term planner

SECTION 1 - Spheres of the Earth

LG 1: Relate changes in the four spheres of Earth’s biophysical environment to changes in biodiversity

Simple pre and post test on LG 1 - could do prior and post coverage of this unit.

Biophysical Environment - Ecosystems and Interactions - Clickview video online (my library): you will have to login and if link is not direct then search for this video title

Multiple Choice Qs - The Biophysical Environment- do as pre and post video quiz answers (at end)

Schematic of 4 Spheres of the earth- there are 6 repeat pics on the page

4 Spheres of the Earth - good source of basic knowledge notes for each sphere.

Atmosphere - Hover over the name of each layer, good source of basic knowledge notes.

Atmosphere - Use the interactive buttons, useful to show temperature pattern.

Surface Ocean currents - Information explaining the key ocean currents driving Australain climate..

Australian Surface Ocean currents

Where all the water is - and you thought there was a lot! Turn this info into a triple pie graph

Monitor Australia site - click on the explore button, then use the drop down boxes to focus in on Maroochydore region. Use right hand menu to change the display

Ecological footprint calculator - try this out. Can you change some of the data you put in so that you reduce your ecological footprint?

SECTION 2 - Cycles in Nature

LG 2: I understand the four main cycles that occur within the biosphere

Water cycle diagram

Water Cycle Worksheets.docx - Adapted from Click here for ANSWERS

Carbon Cycle interactive for worksheet - use menu on right to delete all info and then intro it one bit at a time, making it easier to understand all the information in the cycle diagram.

Carbon cycle diagram and worksheet Uses the website above. Adapted from an original sheet here

Nitrogen cycle - good source of notes if you miss class

Nitrogen cycle - good diagram. Complex, but gives a good overview of the processes.

Powerpoint slide on the Phosphous Cycle - Good yet simple description of cycle, good diagram, how it circulates in each of three spheres, and Human impact

Cloze exercises for each cycle

SECTION 3 - Human impact of global ecosystems

LG 3: I understand the impact that human activity has on global systems

Try a Climate Change quiz - take the quiz individually or as a class, see how you fare!

WWF Living planet Report (summary)

CSIRO What is Climate Change - good simple source of notes and understanding of the differences between weather, climate change, and climate variation. Good Q and A on the left menu.

Global Warming - Diagram and explaination by How Stuff Works

2100 predicted sunshine coast sea levels - this is a maximum range based prediction of the coastline for the Sunshine Coast in 2100. More detail and other predictions are available here

Information on Sea level change - scroll down for background, good source of notes

The Greenhouse Effect Worksheet - adapted from an excellent resource at Germanwatch. The original resource can be sourced here

Patterns in Global Temperature Worksheet- adapted from an excellent resource at Germanwatch. The original resource can be sourced here

Consequences of Climate Change Worksheet- adapted from an excellent resource at Germanwatch. The original resource can be sourced here

Who is to blame for Greenhouse gases Worksheet- adapted from an excellent resource at Germanwatch. The original resource can be sourced here

Documentary Our Worst-Case Scenario Earth 2100 - Lengthy and based on extrapolation (made in 2009). This is a useful movie if presented alongside classroom debate and questions.

SECTION 4 - Whats in the Universe

LG 4: I understand the features that the universe contains

Zoom out from planet Earth - not a bad start to understand the scale of the universe. Vid is measured in light years so need to understand what they are,

A brief history of space discovery - Clickview Online (use your EQ login). Not new but i liked the way it went through all the key developments in Astronomy.

Introduction to the Universe - good basic stuff. Excellent source of notes for understanding how we categorise stuff we find in the universe

Aboriginal Astronomy - video discussing evidence of ancient astronomy site in Australia

Life cycle of Stars - Information and worksheets

Glossary - some simple explanations of the terms you will encounter when we talk about the Universe

Light Year - a simple down to earth description of a light year

Light Year - a little more detail.

Measuring distances in the Universe - TedEd video (hosted on youtube). Nice and clear explanation of how we know how far things are from us in the unverse.

How we study the Universe - TedEd video (hosted on youtube). Explains a few basic ideas about study of the universe.

SECTION 5 - The Big Bang Theory

LG 5: I understand that the Big Bang Theory can be used to explain the origin of the universe

History of Earth versus the universe - worksheet to construct calendar equivelent to one year.

"The Moving Man". This simulation from will download and run on your computer, if java is enabled.Original site

The Moving Man
Click to Run

Rollercoaster GIF

Formation of an ionic bond...
Stolen from Boundless education at

Below is an interactive showing the ecological footprint index of all countries per capita. On the right is a scroll and zoom in bar.

To see detail zoom in using your browser setting to 150%

Click on the thumbnail above for a pdf downloadable copy

Gary Turner Science
QLD Alan Druery Excellence in Teaching Award (QCT)
QLD Secondary Teacher of the year Award (AISTL)
QLD Centenary of Federation Teaching Award (RACI)
Peter Doherty Excellence in Science Teaching Award
Prime Minister Commendation for Science Education Award