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Year 8 Science

The following curriculum resources are designed for units which follow the Australian Curriculum. Each unit is one term long and will have a central topic such as Chemistry, Biology, Physics, or Geology. The Learning Goals and Success Criteria documents are the key guide to the instructional program for each unit.
The units, in order are;
Term 1: What's the Matter?
Term 2: Rock Never Dies.
Term 3: Cells and Reproduction.
Term 4: Energy.

Unit 1: What's the Matter?

Students review key content from year seven on working safely in a lab, doing fair tests, and writing a scientific report. Students will also learn about Elements (including a review of Atomic Theory), compounds, Pure substances, Mixtures, and physical and Chemical change.
Assessment - class test in week 7 and an experimental report due in week 9

Learning Goals and Success Criteria - These LGs and SC will form the basis of all assessment, so they are very important. Should be glued into each students book at the start of the term.

Student Term Planner


Review of Year 7

Mix and Match Equipment quiz - can you get the right names with the right equipment?

GAME - Equipment and Name card flip game - pretty brutal took me a while so be patient. expect to take a lot of flips, try to beat 70.

Experiment: salt concentration - practice our lab skills and how to write up an experiment (this is our second assessment item this term)


Learning Goal 1

Homework sheet 1 - Covers SC 1, 2, and 3

Homework sheet 1 ANSWERS

Homework sheet 2 - Covers SC 4 and 5

Homework sheet 2 ANSWERS

Students will be able to explain the different states of matter in terms of the motion and arrangement of particles (the particle model)

"Chemists Know" song - Apparently a parody of FROZEN (musically). Bit of a wierd place to start, but I think students should know why they are learning all this simple stuff about matter and elements etc. It is the start of "modeling" and understanding about what happens around you.

Youtube vid about models in science - bit wierd and very homemade, but I liked the way it explained how models evolve from simple to complex - like the particle model.

Chemistry and Matter introduction - Not sure I'll use this one, but it introduces Chemistry and the states of matter - good simple visuals

Notes for States of Matter - Cut and Paste into your notebook

Bubbles and states of matter - video/notes by by Tobin Declan. More fun than real in depth learning, but 10 minute video is oddly engaging. The presenter has fun, but touches on the science as well.

ACTIVITY on States of matter - break the code. Takes a while, be persistent

Help on the ACTIVITY on States of matter - some of the answers. you still have some work to do

PwrPt notes on States of Matter - This covers this LG - you need the notes in yellow on slides 6, 7, and 8.


Learning Goal 2

Students will be able to describe the difference between elements, compounds and mixtures in terms of the arrangement of particles

Homework sheet 3 - Covers Learning goal 2

Homework sheet 3 ANSWERS

PowerPoint - more detailed than we need but good background for notes. Will use in class.

Elements, Mixtures, Compounds Worksheet - sample copy from Orb education, develops a good understanding of key terms. Hard copy here

Identifying Elements, Compounds and Mixtures - using picutres of particles, no chemical symbols (easy)

Identifying Elements, Compounds and Mixtures - cloze exercise and using chemical symbols to identify (harder - exam practice)

Chemical Mix-up GAME - match elements, compounds and mixtures. Type a random name in. Simple to play, but get more complicated, can play in pairs. (link in PWR pt above also)

Periodic Table - to colour in metals versus nonmetals. Has mass numbers not atomic mass and has no lanthinides or Actinides

Small Blank Periodic Table (cut and paste) - has twenty spaces for elements, students write in (see copy below)

Small Periodic Table - complete with detail for first twenty elements. Project onto board, students copy the detail into their blank one.

The Periodic Table Song - we only need to remember the first 20 elements!

Worksheet - Elements, Reactivity, and the Periodic Table - quite hard for grade 8, recommended for extension students.

These resources are not addressed in this course but could serve as extension material

Atomic structure - good simple introduction

Introduction to Atoms - by Tyler Dewitt - clear, well paced, well explained, and correct.

Atomic structure - The more complex picture.

The Atom Song - song about key people in the discovery of sub-atomic particles


Learning Goal 3

Students will be able to explain and investigate chemical change involving substances reacting to form new substances

Homework sheet 4 - Covers Learning goal 3

Homework sheet 4 ANSWERS

Physical and Chemical change - 6 mins, nice and simple introduction.

Read to Write activity (text only) - on physical and chamical changes. Could use as introduction to topic or to aid understanding.

Read to Write activity (shows annotations) - annotations showing the read to write process.

Chemical and Physical changes PowerPoint - slides 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 ,11, 12 are great for notes. Nice and simple to understand.

Experiment - observing Chemical change - four pages long. Adapted from C2C. Four chemical changes to observe. No physical changes are included as they are ususally not very exciting.

Worksheet - Physical and Chemical properties and change - 3 pages, more useful than next worksheet. Answers at end, peek only if you must!

Experiment - Chemical change Simple experiment with a few questions

Measuring and justifying properties - interesting and extensive text and experiments by RSC. Hard copy also available here

Worksheet 2- Physical and Chemical properties and change - Answers on second pages, peek only if you must!


Revision for test

Guidline to making some study notes - best way to prepare for exam study is a good set of study notes.


Learning Goal 4

Extended Experimental Investigation - Experiment on rates. Students to write on the copy they are given in class. Must be handwritten.

May not use all following resources but just in case...

A Guide to Scientific Report Writing - this lengthy document will guide you through the process of writing a science report. Keep it as a reference.

An example of an excellent Scientific report - this exemplar will be very useful when combined with the report writing guide mentioned above. Keep it as a reference for when you write your own reports.

Variables – Independent, Dependent, Controlled, Categoric, Continuous - all you need to know about variables in Science experiments

Examples of graphs for analysis - examples of some very common graphs, which ones can you trust?

Graphing, Analysing and Concluding. - Graphing exercises and practice writing the Analysis and Conclusion for a report


Unit 2: Rock Never Dies

Students investigate the dynamic nature of the rock cycle and a variety of rocks and minerals.

Learning Goals and Success Criteria - essentially a list of what you need to know and do. I work through these in class through the term.

Term Planner - week by week plan, includes assessment timing


Section 1 - Structure of the Earth

LG 1: Students will recognise that rocks are a collection of different minerals

Geological History of the Earth - by Geoscience

Quiz to go with video - multichoice and short answer

download and paste in the circular geological timeline in the right hand column

Structure of the Earth Worksheet - adapted from QLD scienceteachers.com

What are rocks and minerals? - Info sheet on minerals, non-minerals, and rocks. Reading exercise and three questions

Minerals - a more detailed look - info mainly, from the WASP site here called what are minerals - teacher notes.

Earths Elements and an Introduction to the Silicate minerals - by Geoscience

Quiz to go with Elements and Silicate minerals video - multichoice and short answer

Mineral identification - a comprehensive look at identifying a mineral. Uses a reference table from a uni lab procedure, but still gives a very good overview of the identification process.

Mineral identification steps - online flowchart which asks you key questions to guide the software

Experiment - Identifying mineral experiment - from Oresome resources site. You will need to explain streaking and how to test hardness.

Section 2 - Introduction to Rocks

LG 2: Students will be able to identify a range of common rock types using a key based on observable physical and chemical properties

Introduction to rocks Worksheet - literacy exercise.

Introduction to rocks Worksheet - this is the original sheet (compared to the one above) and has answers to the sheet above but also includes a couple more questions

Worksheet with info and questions on rocks - does not cover the rock cycle

The three types of rocks - by ZME science. Not complicated and a good source for our notes.

Classification of rocks - link goes to igneous rock classification, but if you click the contents tab top left, there oar a lot of content pages available. Way more complicated than we need for notes but it is clearly written and very detailed.

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Section 2A - Igneous rocks

Igneous rock video - science page of mikesammartano.com. Has an 6 min video on igneous rock and uses a worksheet available with the video. Print out the worksheet as it plays a part in the video.

Naming Igneous rocks - Formation and naming of igneous rock by Geoscience

Quiz to go with igneous rocks video - multichoice and short answer

Igneous rock examples - clear pictures of common types of igneous rocks -intrusive and extrusive examples.

SC 10 Comparing Intrusive and Extrusive Igneous rocks - a youtube clip by London Jenks, 3 mins long. At one point discusses radiometric dating, but most is very direct comparison of extrusive and intrusive igneous rocks

SC 10 Notes Comparing Intrusive and Extrusive igneous rocks - scroll down a bit to a bulleted list, pretty good summary.

Section 2B - Sedimentary rocks

GOAL: I understand the processes making a range of sedimentary rocks

sedimentary rock video - science page of mikesammartano.com. Has an 8 min video on sedimentary rock and uses the same worksheet used with the igneous video earlier.

Formation of sedimentary rocks - Formation of sedimentary rocks, GSCE video. Shows formation of rocks. We will make our notes from this one. Key points are weathering, erosion, settling, pressure, compaction. Could add some notes of types of sedimentary rocks and what they indicate about the past - from next video by Geoscience (at the end).

Sedimentary rocks - Formation and types of sedimentary rocks, by Geoscience. I show this so students can see how useful sedimnetary rocks are at looking nack in time, but the main content (three types of Sedimentary rocks) is not assessed in this course.

Quiz to go with sedimentary rocks video - multichoice and short answer

Sedimentary rock examples - clear pictures of common types of Sedimentary rocks -clastic, chemical and organic examples.

Section 3 - Metamorphic rocks

LG 3: Students will be able to consider the role of forces and energy in the formation of different types of rocks and minerals

Metamorphic rock video - science page of mikesammartano.com. Has an 4 min video on meta morphic rock and uses the same worksheet used with the igneous and sedimentary videos earlier.

Metamorphic rocks - Formation and types of metamorphic rocks, by Geoscience

Quiz to go with metamorphic rocks video - multichoice and short answer

Metamorphic rock examples - clear pictures of common types of Sedimentary rocks - foliated and non-foliated examples.

Section 3 - Metamorphic rocks

LG 4: Students will be able to represent the stages in the formation of igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary rocks and give an indication of timescales involved

Rock Cycle - An old but good video, There is a copyright watermark on it.

rock cycle schematic and writing task - excellent practice

Revision

Revision sheet 2019

Unit 3: Cells and Reproduction

Learning Goals and Success Criteria - this is the key document for know what to study and what we will cover in the course. I will teach this more or less in order.

Student Planner - maps the content of the course against the lessons available.

Teacher Planner - Not so useful for students, but other teachers may find this useful. Most of the resources listed will be placed on this site.


Section 1 - Cells and Organelles

Learning Goal 1: I can describe cells as the basic units of all living things and explain the function and characteristics of their specialised structures.

BBC bites video on cells - a nice and easy introduction to organelles. May show this in class as an introduction to cells and will rely on the video later for notes

*Notes on Unicellular vs Multicellular More detail than we need but good knowledge. Heavily edited version of a tutorvista site.

PowerPoint on Animal v Plant Cells and Organelles - will not use this in class but has all the info you need to cover the Success criteria. Don't print out, copy info out if you miss class.

*Short video on organelle functions and animal and plant cell differences Good visuals on this videoand right amount of detail but combines the two topics (organelle function and animal v plant cells)

*Worsheet on organells for the video above - fill in the organelle activity sheet based on the video)

Transcript of the video above - for filling in the organelle activity sheet based on the video (its a cheat sheet)

Table with organelle definitions Paste into your book. Very brief, need to know for the exam.

Organelle cards for mix and match

Cell diagrams of organelles -a plant and animal cell with organelles and labels. Complete the info for each label

interactive on cells and organelles - nice and simple. Has info and quiz.

Cell analogy worksheet - aspiring students should spend some time on the open-ended Higher Order Thinking question at the end


Section 2 - The Microscope

Learning Goal 2: I can safely and accurately use a light microscope to draw scaled diagrams of cells.

See BBC video in Section 1 above for a brief summary of the contributions of Hooke, Leeuwenhoek, and Pasteur.

SciShow video on the Microscope - covers history of the microscope including hooke and Leeuwenhoek, but not Pasteur.

Microscope worksheets pretty much covers it! Hardcopy here

Steps to make a wet mount slide - onion cell description, adapted from a science quest document


Section 3 - Mitosis and growth

Learning Goal 3: I can describe the process of mitosis and explain the function and characteristics of their specialised structures.

See diagram on right for schematic representing a typical cell lifecycle and how mitosis plays a part in it.

video called MITOSIS MADE EASY ANIMATION - and it is! - 5 basic stages plus cytokinesis and interphase. Good source of notes. The key points for the worksheet below are actually from the 20 sec mark to the 80 sec mark.

Worksheet on stages of mitosis - to go with video above. Go for interpreting the key information in the vid (20 sec point to 80 sec point)

Mitosis Flip book - great idea, found it in two places, not sure who owns it. "mr Stewart's" had some detailed instructions so I linked there. I will just cut out and make a simple uncoloured flip book... still cool.. A hard copy of the 36 frames is here

Mitosis in 5 stages Labeled diagram of the five stages of Mitosic


Section 4 - Plants and Photosynthesis

Learning Goal 4: I can describe and explain how plants manufacture essential nutrients.

Photosynthesis and leaf structure - Very clear and straightforward video, great for understanding how it all works.


Mid-term exam

Mid Term test REVISION SHEET


Section 5 - Introduction to Reproduction

Learning Goal 5: I understand the importance of reproduction for organisms.

Notes on Asexual vs Sexual - Scroll down past the heading "Reproduction in Plants" this is BBC site, simple and to the point. Good for notes.

Asexual reproduction simple but very clear introduction to Asexual reproduction.

Asexual and Sexual reproduction A very good coverage for notes - excellent prep for an exam

Venn Diagram for Asexual vs Sexual - Simple cut and paste of the key points.

Graphing Bacterial Population - Use as a graphing exercise but also has literacy and good checking for understanding.


Section 6 - Sexual Reproduction in Plants

Learning Goal 6: I can describe and explain the function of specialist organs responsible for sexual reproduction in plants

See diagram on right for schematic representing the part flowers play in the reproduction of plants

Sexual reproduction in plants - same bbc site, but pages 2 to 5. Good for notes.

flower parts and life cycle - not exciting but very informative. First 3 or 4 minutes good for notes. Really only need the first 7 mins for year 8

Picture for note taking from above video - download, glue in, complete while watching the video.

Labelled diagram of a flower. Here is a printout copy

flower dissection - good for year 8. Goes through a step by step process and data (sample) collection

Short summaries on seed dispersal methods - a New Zealand site so NZ examples, but nice little summaries

BBC site with short vids on seed dispersal - no need for notes. Recommend - Sowing the seed, Seed aviation, Ant aid, Life from death. Some vids do not play (site is not being maintained).

Online activity to guess seed dispersal method - do online,can be a vote. Transfer correct answer to this worksheet


Section 7 - Human Reproduction

Learning Goal 7: I can describe and explain the function of specialist organs responsible for sexual reproduction in humans

Sexual reproduction in Humans - BBC site, Good for notes.

*Introductory QUEST for students - Slighty edited version from TES. The original author is Plummagic at TES.

Notes on Puberty - some basic notes on Puberty, cut and paste in.

*PwrPoint on Male reproductive system - for use with word doc below (make notes)

*Male reporductive system - for making notes from PwrPoint above

*PwrPoint on Female reproductive system - for use with word doc below (make notes)

*Female reproductive system - for making notes from PwrPoint above

*Label the human reproductive organs TES site, an autor called Astronyxis. Excellent and simple. A hard copy is here

The menstrual cycle and the role of hormones - great explanation but a little complicated, see your teacher for some simple notes to accompany this sheeet. Slightly edited copy of a BBC page

*The WHAT is the Menstrual cycle - a TedEd video. Short and direct, not simple in a couple of parts, but does the "WHAT" part well.

*The WHY is the Menstrual cycle - a TedEd video. Really effective at explaining the "WHY" part of the menstrual cycle.

Information about current Assisted Reproductive Technologies available - this site has concise and up to date info on ART. Funded by the Victorian dept. of Health and Human Services


Revision for End of Term Test

Multiple choice questions - mainly on human reproduction. Lots of repetition and practice of basic knowledge

Flowering plant reproduction questions - Sheet to cover some of the basics on flowers. You need to know more parts of the flower than this sheet covers

Unit 4: Energy

Learning Goals and Success Criteria

Student Term PLanner

1 - Intro and Kinetic Energy

Learning Goal 1: Recognise that kinetic energy is the energy possessed by moving objects, which is affected by its mass and speed, and calculate the KE in an object.

notes for introduction to energy - good sources if you miss class. I will make notes using these. The first few pages covers energy intro and basic types of energy. Has questions.

AsapScience video about energy - a nice place to start some brainstorming about energy (3 mins)

Notes for Kinetic Energy - good if you miss class. Several practice questions at the end. Note the velocity (v) is in metres/sec, not km/hr.

More complex mathematical explanation of KE eqn - explains why velocity is squared, but mathematically dense so beware.

Measuring Kinetic energy - simple experiment investigating relationship between mass, velocity, and Kinetic Energy


2 - Potential Energy

Learning Goal 2: Recognise that potential energy is stored energy, and can measure and explain changes in gravitational potential energy of an object.

notes on GPE (scroll down) - down this page a bit are some nice simple notes on GPE - good to use if you miss class.

GPE video (3 min) - bit corny but I liked it. By science geeks.

GPE video (also 3 min) - Old school. woud love to try this in the classroom, but it is scarier than it looks.

Measuring GPE - simple experiment, similar set up to the KE experiment above, but adapted to measure GPE and Efficiency. Great practice for the assignment.


3 - Energy Transfer and Transformations

Learning Goal 3: Investigate and explain different forms of energy in terms of the effects they cause.

PowerPoint on Energy Transformations - good for notes if you miss them in class

Identify common energy transformation in a picture - very simple but good visual learning exercise.

Worksheet - Energy Transformations and Chains Identify the type of energy involved in these transformations and draw an energy chain.

Answers - Energy Transformations

Aboriginal Inventions - pick two of these enduring innovative ideas and explain the energy transfers in them.

Making a "flipping" toy - video explaining how to make a simple toy which stores eleastic potential energy and converts it to kinetic energy, ie it flips up when released

Making a balloon powered car - a steve spangler video and instructions. Conversion of elastic potential energy to kinetic energy. Could do the KE calculation?

Making a rubber band powered car - if you have a little more time and resources (still very simple)

Elastic Potential Energy experiment - if you are after a nice simple experiment to do

Elastic Potential Energy EEI - if you are after a challenging experiment. This one is great practice for senior school reprot writing.


4 - Energy Efficiency and Energy loss

Learning Goal 4: recognise that heat energy is often produced as a by-product of energy transfer.

Notes for this LG (at bottom) - Scroll down to the red section at the bottom for notes.

Sankey diagrams to represent energy lots during Transform - good description of these diagrams which map energy transformations

Energy efficiency worksheet some calculations from given scenarios. Reasonably simple.

Energy efficiency worksheet - identifying some energy types and caculating efficiency

Experiment on Efficiency - simple experiment on the efficiency of bouncing balls


5 - The Trebuchet

Learning Goal : I can predict and evaluate the efficiency of an energy transformation device.

Trebuchet Assignment

Trebuchet plan - outline for cutting and planning the construction. Note the two small braces for the front of the trebuchet are not on the plan (rectangular shap 12 cm by 1.5 cm)

Help with Tebuchet assignment PART A - see red typeface - has some extra guidance given for calculations in part A on page 6 as well as fixing two errors in the intro.

Check out a picture of a trebuchet on the right.

Worksheet on Scientific report writing - evaluate this scientific report written by some students.


To do a similar experiment measuring the efficiency of a womera - checkout...

Explanations of spear throwing techniques - video taken at Kuranda village where some indigenous techniques for spear throwing are explained

Demos of spear throwing with womeras - video taken at Kuranda village. Demonstates the increase in efficiency gained by using a womera.

experiment outline on efficency of woomera - this pdf was a download from here. I could not link via this site so copied the doc to present here.




















































































































Animal cell

Plant cell












































































































This was the trial one I made to see if it would work. The students built one (see plan on left) slightly larger than this.

Gary Turner Science
QLD Alan Druery Excellence in Teaching Award (QCT)
QLD Secondary Teacher of the year Award (AISTL)
QLD Centenary of Federation Teaching Award (RACI)
Peter Doherty Excellence in Science Teaching Award
Prime Minister Commendation for Science Education Award